Western Ghats

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Western Ghats

Post  tungduong_9102 on 5th January 2011, 09:40

The Western Ghats (Kannada/Tulu: ಸಹ್ಯಾದ್ರಿ, Marathi/Konkani: सह्याद्री, Malayalam: സഹ്യാദ്രി / സഹ്യപര്‍വതം, Tamil: மேற்குத் தொடர்ச்சி மலைகள்) also known as the Sahyadri Mountains, is a mountain range along the western side of India. It runs north to south along the western edge of the Deccan Plateau, and separates the plateau from a narrow coastal plain along the Arabian Sea. The Western Ghats block rainfall to the Deccan Plateau. The range starts near the border of Gujarat and Maharashtra, south of the River Tapti, and runs approximately 1600 km through the states of Maharashtra, Goa, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu and Kerala ending at Kanyakumari, at the southern tip of India.

These hills cover 1,60,000 km and form the catchment area for a complex of river systems that drain almost 40% of India.[1] The average elevation is around 1,200 metres (3,900 ft).[2] The area is one of the worlds ten "Hottest biodiversity hotspots" and has over 5000 species of flowering plants, 139 mammal species, 508 bird species and 179 amphibian species. At least 325 globally threatened species occur in the Western Ghats.[3]

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